Parks / Nova
Scotia / Cape
Breton National Park
Originally, the Micmac fished along the Gulf
at Ingonish, and there are some historical references
to Norsemen landing on the shores of Cape Breton
in the 10th century. John Cabot reputedly made
his first landfall in the New World at Aspy
Bay off the east coast of Cape Breton in 1497.
In 1521 we know that Portuguese fishermen camped
on the Atlantic side. Early settlement at major
centres such as Louisbourg, Sydney and Ingonish
were fishing communities. The walled city of
Louisbourg was constructed by the French in
1713 to guard the Atlantic approaches to Quebec
and the St. Lawrence, primarily from the British.
Its site extended over 100 acres, encompassing
a fortress, a vast harbour and an entire village.
Obsolete before its completion, it surrendered
on both of the two occasions it was attacked.
In 1745 it was sacked by a force of New Englanders
and in 1758, its capture by James Wolfe on his
way to take Quebec led to the end of French
rule in Canada. Expelled from mainland Nova
Scotia, Acadians moved northward in the 1700's
followed by extensive Scottish immigration from
1791 - 1828. Lone Shieling, set in the deciduous
forest that has never been cut, is a reproduction
of a crofter®s hut. Erected in 1942, it commemorates
the Scottish heritage and symbolizes Cape Breton's
links with the Scottish Highlands, former home
of many of the island's first settlers.